When materials are subjected to tension by pulling, the material tears or breaks when a certain force is applied. The maximum value of the stress is the tensile strength. To determine the tensile strength of a material, tensile tests are carried out from which stress-strain diagrams are generated.
If steel is exposed to tensile stress, it does not necessarily crack. However, it will stretch beyond its yield strength, deform and become brittle.
Elasticity is a material property that provides information about the ability of materials to withstand stress.Read more
The forgeability of steel depends on the carbon content but also on various alloying elements.Read more
The hardness defines the mechanical resistance that the material is able to withstand mechanical impact of other materials.Read more