Strength describes the mechanical resistance of a material that resists mechanical stress to prevent cracking, breaking or plastic deformation. If a material has a high strength, it is often difficult to process. A high strength of metals can be achieved by adding alloying elements.
The strength depends on various factors. These are for example:
- Material type
- Quality / Condition of the material
- Type of stress (pressing, bending, pulling etc.)
- Time frame of the stress
A basic difference is made according to the type of strength.
- Static and dynamic strength
- Breaking strength
- If the load is applied on one or several axes
- Heat resistance in combination with strength
Elasticity is a material property that provides information about the ability of materials to withstand stress.Read more
The forgeability of steel depends on the carbon content but also on various alloying elements.Read more
The hardness defines the mechanical resistance that the material is able to withstand mechanical impact of other materials.Read more