If a workpiece is subjected to pressure, tension, cold or heat, it deforms. The elongation is called positive strain or elongation. If a shortening of the workpiece occurs, this is called negative strain or compression.

The maximum strain until the material breaks under load is determined by the tensile test.

See also

Carbide Formation

Carbides are formed in steel from carbon and some alloying elements. They increase the hardness and strength of the steel

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Elasticity is a material property that provides information about the ability of materials to withstand stress.

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The forgeability of steel depends on the carbon content but also on various alloying elements.

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